Number of HIV/AIDS Cases in Indonesia Rising

Damar Iradat    •    Selasa, 01 Dec 2015 18:14 WIB
social affairs
Number of HIV/AIDS Cases in Indonesia Rising
Illustration (Photo: Antara Foto/Basri Marzuki), Jakarta: The cases of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) within the past ten years have generally increased. The rising number is aligned with more awareness from the people as they tested themselves on HIV.
The Director of Contagious Diseases Control of the Ministry of Health, Sigit Priohutomo mentioned that the rising number of HIV and AIDS in Indonesia is similar to an iceberg phenomenon. However, the phenomenon slowly arose.
"The more they are detected, the iceberg is lifted more. More people also wanted to do tests to know their status," mentioned Sigit at the media gathering in Gedung Kemenkes, Jalan HR. Rasuna Said, Kuningan, South Jakarta, Monday (11/30/2015).
He thinks that it is not apart from the shift of the target for the early detection program and screening. Previously, said Sigit, the one tested was only the key group, suspected of having HIV.
"Now the tests are being conducted to general population, especially to household mothers. They have become one of the highest groups of HIV bearers," he added.
According to the Ministry of Health data, since 2005 to September 2015, there were 184,929 HIV cases recorded from the reports of counseling services and HIV tests. The highest HIV cases number was in Jakarta (38,464 cases), followed by East Java (24,104 cases), Papua (20,147 cases), West Java (17,075 cases) and Central Java (12,267 cases).
The HIV cases of July-September 2015 were at 6,779 cases. The risk factor of highest HIV spread was on the unsafe sex on heterosexuals (46.2 percent), use of unsterilized syringe on people (3.4 percent), as well as Man to Man (LSL) (24.4 percent). 
Meanwhile, the cases of AIDS up to September 2015 was at the total of 68,917 cases. Based on the age group, the percentage of AIDS in 2015 is recorded the highest at the age of 20-29 years (32 percent), 30-39 years (29.4 percent), 40-49 years (11.8 percent), 50-59 years (3.9 percent) then 15-19 years (3 percent).
The AIDS cases in Indonesia were found initially in 1987. Until December 2015, the AIDS cases are spread in 381 (77 percent) from the 498 regencies/cities in all the province in Indonesia.
Meanwhile, the first region that AIDS case was discovered is Bali Province, as the last one reporting the case was the West Sulawesi Province in 2011.


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